Oct 16

A classification system for port cities to improve understanding of port-city maritime pollution

Toby Roberts, Attard, {George S.}, Mario Brito, Florentin Bulot, Easton, {Natasha, Hazel Celeste}, Gerrard, {Simon P}, Gareth Giles, Kim, {Jang Young}, Robert Mayon, Nugraha, {Aditya Tafta}, Peter Shaw, Damon Teagle, Wright, {Andrew J}, Yakran, {Sevil Deniz}, Prof Ian Williams and Matthew Loxham

The 12th International Conference of Port-City Universities League PUL 18

16/10/18 → 17/10/18

Ho-Chi Minh City, Viet Nam


Ports are vital to the global economy, providing a range of local, regional, national, and international benefits. However they also give rise to negative impacts, which are often concentrated within the local area. Amongst these, maritime pollution of the air and water may have considerable consequences for the environment, as well as human health and well-being. In order to improve understanding of how maritime pollution varies between cities, a classification system was developed based on a range of variables. These variables include passenger numbers, annual throughput (TEU), World Bank Port Infrastructure Quality indices, urban area characteristics, human development index, adherence to environmental conventions, port structure, local climate zone, and local infrastructure. Information on these variables was collected for 200 large port cities selected from Lloyd’s list top 100 container ports, AAPA world port rankings, regional lists of large ports and members of Port-City Universities League. Cruise passenger numbers and cargo tonnage appear to be a useful way of grouping ports. A provisional system using these variables was created which offers an improved system for grouping ports by size and function.