Feb 19

Electro-polymerisation and characterisation of PEDOT in Lewis basic, neutral and acidic EMImCl-AlCl3 ionic liquid


This work studied theĀ electro-polymerisationĀ of 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) and its electrochemical behavior in Lewis acidic, neutral and basic chloroaluminateĀ ionic liquidĀ 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chlorideĀ aluminumĀ chlorideĀ (EMImCl-AlCl3) byĀ cyclic voltammetry. It was found that the electro-polymerisation on vitreous carbon only occurs in Lewis neutral EMImCl-AlCl3Ā as a dark blue-violet film whereas the electro-polymerisation in a Lewis acidic or basic compositions is not possible due to the interactions between the conductive polymer and the ionic liquid as well as the potential stability limits of the electrolyte.

PEDOT films synthesised in Lewis neutral ionic liquid were tested in monomer-free Lewis acidic, basic and neutral EMImCl-AlCl3 and show different doping and de-doping behaviour for chloride ionic species. The PEDOT films in a Lewis neutral composition showed higher doping levels due to the higher potential stability window, up to 2.6ā€ÆV vs. Al|Al(III) than in a Lewis acidic and basic solutions. Furthermore, it was shown that the doping and de-doping levels are predefined during the electro-polymerisation of PEDOT. TheĀ anionĀ doping and de-doping reaction reached 97% reversibility in the neutral composition, which suggests that PEDOT is a suitableĀ electrode materialĀ to store charged species in this media and could be used in rechargeable energy storage devices.